Monday, March 21, 2016

After primordial oscillations a Foam: the secondary structure of the universe

Sloan Digital Sky Survey, The accumulation of gravity-bound structures, are shown in yellow. 


The Big Bang, the hundred years old idea that is meant to explain the even distribution of the cosmos, is in trouble. The microwave background radiation, which is the only tell-tale sign of the formation of the universe, is in apparent contradiction with a central origin of space. As my earlier blog demonstrate, large spatial fluctuations could gradually slow down due to friction, which might have given rise to compact dimensions. The existence of compact dimensions means that any change in field curvature requires energy. The energy requirement slows and inhibits changes and stabilizes the spatial structure. Current data well support such a process. Analysis of the universe material distribution at the largest scales shows a filamentary, wavy organization, utterly congruent with mixing and spreading of three-dimensional waves within a perfect fluid. Indeed, gargantuan spring oscillations in an ideal vacuum would lead to highly fluid oscillations. Also, such frictionless oscillations must have ended as space transitioned toward a harder state.

A more detailed analysis of the universe reveals a foamy structure embedded within the immense filaments. The above image is a time-lapse photo of the cosmos; large-scale foam structure evolves toward the more recent, lower portion of the picture. In physical processes, such structure arises, due to whipping or expanding material within a flexible medium, which can retain its inner structure through hardening. The secondary organization of the universe consists of various sized empty bubbles surrounded by galaxies and other gravity bound structures. These secondary formations resulted as expanding space formed huge bubbles and pushed positive curvature regions outward. The above data suggests that the universe, which has started out as a highly flexible system, was subjected to whipping or expansion before gradual hardening.


Laniakea Supercluster of Galaxies  Curved paths indicate material (galactic) movement (Tully, 2014)
The reason for this solidifying can be found in the smallest structure of space in string theory. The birth of the compact dimensions of string theory (called the Calabi-Yau space) must have been a universal break on the oscillations. Interactions of the compact dimensions produce gravity, which hardens spatial structure. Indeed, gravitational regions, accompanied by immense field strength, form rigid structures. The gravity-bound areas retain a solid and stable large-scale structure, whereas smaller-curvature parts are highly flexible. The stiff structures of galaxies can only form outside and around the cosmic voids. The above image clearly shows the opening of the empty void enclosed by gravitational areas. Light converges due to the gravitational pull of large objects and diverges due to the negative-curving field. Thus light follows the: on the grandest scale, the cosmos is like a house of mirrors. More details, such as the role of gravity in the large-scale structure of the universe, can be found in my book, 'The Science of Consciousness.' On the above figure, Laniakea Super-cluster contains the Milky-way galaxy, the home of our own solar system.


THE GROWING CASE AGAINST THE BIG BANG

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