Monday, August 31, 2015

A new understanding of space and time

The science of consciousness YouTube channel 

The concept of spacetime is tightly connected to Einstein general relativity. Although it was supposed to simplify the description and mathematical treatment of the universe, Einstein's field equations have remained intractable for over a hundred years. In spacetime time is considered a fourth, minor dimension to space. But time is largely irreversible, whereas space can be navigated at will. To change spatial coordinates we have to invest energy, whereas time moves on even if we stay in one space. These differences illustrate how different the manifestations of pace and time are. Space and time occupy fundamentally separate dimensions, as time emerges from microdimensions, and space forms our macrodimensional world.

Some of the latest research demonstrates that the universe is static toward the outside, time evolution is limited to internal constituents of the universe, which experience time evolution by entanglement. Landauer's principle recognizes a thermodynamic connection between energy and information. Erasing information frees heat, therefore information enrichment generates heat and energy accumulation corresponds to a cooling effect. As energy and information separates via entanglement, information accumulation would form a heated, compacted region, called black hole. In black holes time expands into infinity. Due to the principle of static time, entanglement also accumulates energy and forms cold, expanded space, called white holes. White holes are the time zero of the universe. Time increases in proportion with information accumulation, whereas space gradually contracts. The opposing dynamics between the poles leads to spatial expansion in the white holes known as dark energy and it compacts space to form black holes. This new view of space and time has far reaching consequences for many fields of sciences, even evolution and the understanding of consciousness.

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The role of positive emotions in well-being, health and success

Dance by Eva Deli

Whereas negative emotions change from sadness, and incapacitating fear to aggravation and even physical violence, positive emotions spur motivating energy and optimistic enthusiasm in a uniform fashion. Whether we laugh, smile or jump for joy, positive emotions make us generous, kind, embracing, urge us toward order, and positive action. Love is an embracing and uniting feeling, whereas hate is an isolating emotion.

Sages, philosophers and artists have understood the importance of positive emotions for well-being for millennia, but scientifically emotions were not taken seriously until the second part of the twentieth century. Like the sound of an engine or a waterfall, emotions were thought to be just symptoms of consciousness and therefore secondary to higher mental functions. In recent years the importance of emotions is quietly gaining ground in a variety of disciplines; for example, in neurological, psychological, and common-sense observations. It is increasingly clear that emotions are the exclusive motivating force of higher animals. Without motivation, we do nothing. Our emotions determine whether we want to live or die, but they do not let us to take our lives; suicide must be planned carefully. When motivation is strong; it can even give us superhuman abilities. The greatest emotions, such as love, faith, enthusiasm or belief inspire the greatest achievement. The behavior of mammals and people (and even nations) can be impeccably manipulated by emotions. This is intuitively understood by every great teacher, leader, politician, or artist.

Over time emotional interactions form a mental landscape, which determines our confidence level, and regulates our thinking, behavior and relationships in an intimate way. Only positive emotions generate optimism, trust and confidence, the source of emotional stability. Behind every great piece of art, music, literature, or science we find positive emotions, for only the optimistic mind is capable for creativity, or „flow.” Even art that describes terror and suffering carries a positive, optimistic emotional message: the belief in the human potential. And at the basis of abstract mathematics we find harmony, symmetry, and beauty. Faith, love, courage, and awe bubble up with the enthusiasm of the instant, which cannot be postponed for tomorrow. Thus positive emotions are the force of the moment, but their long-term effect is profound. They increase mental energy, making positive emotions the success generators of the mental universe. In the positive attitude mind unnecessary details are eliminated, expanding the sense of time and fueling enthusiasm, generosity, and the energy for happiness and joy. It is important to note that excitement, glee, and selfish joy, which increase brain frequencies on the long term, are not considered positive emotions, as they generate insecurity and remorse. At the same time, catharsis and reaching closure in sadness are uplifting and form positive experience.

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Monday, August 24, 2015

Negative emotions lead to stress, disease, and compromise your chance of success

Lucretia by Rembrandt

Whether we are anxious, angry, or sad to the point of crying, negative emotions feel like physical pain. Their complex biology and psychology becomes clear by examining the brain during and in the aftermath of negative experience.

The workings of the brain is generally measured by placing electrodes over the scalp, which give feedback of neuronal activity close to the cortical surface. High brain frequencies are important in many brain functions (such as sensory perception, analytic problem solving, motoric activity). However, negative emotional processing also involves high frequency oscillations, a detail oriented and energetically expensive, therefore tiring mental processing. The overwhelming information flow stresses the mind and leads to impatience. Aberrant thought patterns of psychiatric illnesses can often be traced to errors in emotional processing, such as social problems in the case of autism, persecution in paranoia, and unyielding conscientiousness in obsessive-compulsive disorder. At its extreme form problems in emotional regulation can weaken the immune system, which can even lead to disease. The possible role of emotions in mental problems and disease gives urgency to the better understanding of emotions, particularly the high brain frequencies of negative emotions, which siphons away mental power. Over the long term negative emotional states lead to insecurity, fear, and weakness.

Gradually and constantly shifting neuronal activation pattern guides mental focus, which unfolds a conceptual landscape, completely symmetric in its operation to a physical one. Like elevation in physical space, the variation of brain oscillations correspond to changes of the mental, conceptual landscape over time. Increasing brain frequencies are identical to being in lower elevation, whereas decreasing oscillations are analogue to movement toward higher elevation. A neutral state corresponds to flat landscape. Consequently, positive emotions give the sense of being on the peak of a mountain, allowing the expanding, overarching picture of an open horizon. This expanding feeling is not distracted by details. In contrast, negative emotions are analogues to being in a valley in a physical space, and correspond to a narrow, restricted and detailed focus. This way negative emotions reflect fear, and the feeling of weakness or inferiority. In studies guilt has been found to correspond to insecurity. Those weighed down by guilt consider chores to be more difficult and even overestimate their own weight.

The connection of negative emotions and high brain frequencies has been repeatedly, exhaustively shown. Moreover, negative emotions can have an insidious, long term presence. Although they often disappear from conscious awareness, they continue to manipulate the mental state from the background, corrupting mental abilities and blinding us to opportunities. Negative emotions involve chronic high brain frequencies, which lead to a perceived shortage of time (appropriately called stress). It inhibits focused work or analytic thinking and contributes to furthers negative arousal. This is supported by numerous studies on healthy brains. For example anxious individuals are attracted to and spend more time with negative stimuli (such as looking at angry faces), which only heightens their aggravation. Negative emotional states can lead to passive aggression and a tendency for judgment, criticism.

In some studies the effort to suppress negative emotion seems to reverse the negative brain state, giving hope that persistent conscious attention can lead to mental change. That is why meditation, mindfulness based therapies often work. Beyond the energy need of greater brain frequencies (which are tiring), negative emotions affect the entire body and result in long-term negative health consequences. Like the derailed train that moves inevitably toward an accident, emotional cruelty and negativity generates a constricted mental world. Over the long term, this state unfailingly gravitates toward negative psychological, mental and health consequences. Emotional weakness, fear is a typical trigger for aggression, which generates failure, sickness, family problems. Social problems and unhappiness shows close relationship to cognitive decline, mental problems, auto-immune diseases, and heart disease. The long-term consequences of emotions on well-being, success or lack of those is recognized as karma. Further reading: The Science of Consciousness.

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Monday, August 17, 2015

Understanding is the first step to conquer stress

Sorrowing old man by Vincent van Gogh

Stress is generally considered a state in which timely information processing is inhibited due to added expectation load. A perennial problem of our time, it occurs across the social spectrum and in almost all age groups. We know that it even affects children. In the short term stress leads to confusion, productivity problems, and over the long term hormonal and bodily changes weaken the immune system and can lead to high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke, and even mental problems. Stress probably contributes to diseases as varied, as depression or cancer. This makes stress is a serious professional as well as health issue. For this reason it is immensely important to look in detail what stress is, what are its causes and how to alleviate or at least reduce its negative effects.

Although stress is connected to time pressure and to circumstances that are challenging, difficult or even impossible to manage, stress is actually situation dependent. Everybody gets stressed at one time or another and the same stressors affect people very differently. This discrimination and apparent specificity to stress indicates the importance of the mental state during challenging situations. Chronic high brain frequencies correspond to detail oriented mental processing. The overwhelming, unnecessary, and superfluous details lead to a perceived shortage of time, forming a sense of deficiency, or difficulty. The detail oriented focus of high brain frequencies inhibits the ability to see clearly. For example, in research studies subjects have been shown to display more severe moral judgment after experiencing negative emotion (disgust), even if the judgment in question is unrelated to the original emotion. People with a guilty conscience overestimate their own weight and consider chores to be more difficult than those with clear consciences. This occurs because the brain always generates thoughts, which are in a similar vein, so thoughts and memories acquire the same flavor. In this case only threatening, pessimistic or failed experiences surface, which uncontrollably interfere with concentration and compromise problem solving ability. Although the information is only a fragmented and distorted illusion, it nevertheless masquerades as objective reality, forming the center of conscious attention. The information overload, which naturally lead to aggravation or desperation, is recognized as the typical stress symptom. The stressed mind is on an inevitable path toward conflict (interaction). Like a released bow, conflicts relax the mind and the brain frequencies return to normal levels. At these times we are resilient and emotionally stable. However, the emotional struggle and conflicts exact high personal and professional price: broken promises cause problems at work, and strain relationships in private life. Not surprisingly, over long term stress contributes to a host of health problems.

Recognizing stress as the result of latent high brain frequencies can give us tools to manage our lives better. Rehearsing stressful situations in advance whenever possible is empowering, so is using relaxation techniques before difficult situations. The goal should not be to eliminate stress from our lives completely, because occasional stress enhances focus and concentration. However, long term stress is incapacitating and dangerous. Get rid of grudges, hurts of any kind as soon as you have them. This is an emotionally difficult, and meticulous task, but well worth the effort! You will have to develop a personal method that you can regularly follow. Go for a walk; focus on a mantra, prayer or meditation, with which to liberate your mind from negative mindset. When your mind is not handicapped by the after effects of negative emotions, it is able to handle any challenge. Do not forget to regularly challenge your improved mind. Challenges allow us to grow and develop.

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Monday, August 10, 2015

Wonder: mind wandering is a rehearsal for life's upcoming attractions

By Wonderlane from Seattle, USA

A wandering mind is a dangerous mind. In psychology the term, mind-wandering refers to a spontaneous disengagement from current activity. It typically occurs during activities that are tedious, and require long term concentration. For example mental time travel during long term driving can lead to accidents.

Knowing exactly how the brain frequencies change can facilitate understanding of the problem and produce prevention. During focused and detailed activity, brain frequencies increase, which indicate the immense energy requirement of focus and concentration. The great energy need of the activity necessarily put a limitation on its temporal expanse. We simply get tired when we concentrate for a long time. When the high frequencies cannot be maintained any longer, the frequencies decrease and conscious focus fades. This relaxed state is a trip to fantasy land. The mind has a 'mind' of its own; the thoughts are almost impossible to control. Disengagement from the activity curtails performance and leads to mistakes. Such inward, spontaneous wayward thoughts form a resting state of imagination and mental time travel and it is called mind wandering.

The mind forms a resting state that is characterized by liberal associations, in which new experiences are intermixed with old memories. Using its free capacity, the mind is in a constant trial-and-error mode to find its limitations and possibilities; current events are evaluated by comparing them to past experiences. This comprehension and examination forms a congruent mental picture from spatially and temporally dis-joined and disconnected experiences. This automatic and non-conscious process formulates our beliefs and attitude toward every question, and forms the basis of automatic mental activity. This subconscious mental computation lends us 'gut feelings,' a kind of inherent „knowing.” Recent scientific investigations indicate that mental wandering is more frequent in people with a negative mood and that they also have more trouble reorienting to their task. In addition, mental wandering was found to result in unhappiness. However, these findings only underline the inherent pessimism and self-defeating nature of a negative mindset. Negative mindset dictates an unhappy future by evaluating recent experience through the distorted vision of remembering. The mind manufactures the future as a perfect mirror of the unhappy past.

However, in the creative mind mental wandering is a source of new associations, ideas, and discoveries. Spontaneous mind wandering builds confidence; enhance performance and produces immense happiness. It suffices to think of the purposeful and rewarding mind wanderings of creative geniuses, such as Mozart or Einstein, for example. Mozart was said to have 'seen' a whole symphony in a flash of creative moment. Einstein apparently had sudden creative ideas while walking with his friends. But you do not have to be Mozart or Einstein to become creative. You can benefit from my The three step plan for creative success. This way mind wandering is an automatic (independent of consciousness) exploration of either limitations (for the negative attitude mind) or, possibilities (for a positive mind). For further questions please contact me.

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Monday, August 3, 2015

Complexity: an essential requirement for intelligent life

Time evolution of the universe

According to general relativity, clocks and time can only be properly defined in the presence of matter. In other words, interaction is an essential ingredient of time. Without interaction, time stands still. This is made more precise as „static” time and leads to the surprising consequence that for outside observers the universe remains static and unchanging. Only inside participants, through the phenomenon of entanglement, are able to perceive the evolution of the universe. The recently proven idea shows that interaction (decoherence) through entanglement would necessarily evolve toward polar singularities. The existence of poles, called white and black holes, also appears as the consequence of certain solutions of Einstein’s field equations. Observing the gravitational effects of black holes aided their discovery, but white holes remain hypothetical due to the immense difficulty to observe them. However, the nature of white holes has been speculated as negative-curving, bulging fields, which deflect incoming energy, even light. Thus they are the source of illusionary light rays; a fact reflected in their name and which would pose a great challenge to their discovery. Nevertheless the existence of white holes is postulated here.

Thanks to string theory it is becoming widely accepted that the universe has more dimensions than the three dimensions of our experience. In string theory holographic principle recognizes the importance of the horizon, as the information depository of a given volume of space (Susskind, 1994). Holographic principle means that information accumulation of the horizon via interaction turns particles into information-saturated black holes. However, Euclidean spatial field would determine the greatest complexity, which is true for our world and for life. Evolution is an ever-increasing complexity that works through the self-organization of matter into stars, planets, and living creatures such as us. The apex of evolution is the appearance of the still-evolving, highly intelligent mind, which cannot be a uniquely human quality—some other planets in some other galaxies necessarily should nurture life.

The universe’s drive toward complexity is a greatly humbling realization, because the most complex matter known to man is the human brain. The idea that evolution, including societal evolution, is channeled toward complexity and order suggests a shining future for the intelligent occupants of the cosmos, including mankind.

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