Sunday, February 24, 2019

The fundamental structure of the universe




Figure 1. The proposed view of ‘space-time.’ The micro-dimensions (horizontal lines) are isolated by an information blocking horizon, which devolves particle frequencies into discrete energy standing waves. Entanglement is a division of the wave function, leading to interaction with the spatial field. Decoherence or interaction is an energy–information exchange between the micro and macro-dimensions. Thus, the field, which forms the smooth topology of space, and the discrete particle wave function, evolve parallel.

Models help to answer the most fundamental questions of the physical world.  The incompatibility of string theory, quantum mechanics, and general relativity suggests that forming a model that includes these fundamental physical theories of physics should be a priority. In string theory, an information blocking horizon separates particles into micro-dimensional standing waves (fig.1) from macro-dimensional space. Quantum mechanics requires that the particle also changes during the interaction, which is an energy/information exchange between micro and macro-dimensions. Thus, interaction modifies spatial volume (fig.2) and reverses the sign (-) in the Lorentzian time metric. Although these modifications are too small to be observed locally, every interaction modifies both the volume of macro-dimensions and the particle information value. Information accumulation of the horizon forms a discrete time progression (fig.1, horizontal lines), the Dirac delta function. The wave function insulation from space, time, and gravity permits quantum phenomena, such as entanglement and the double-slit experiment. It also gives rise to cosmic self-regulation: micro-dimensions maintain a closed minimal-surface with constant extrinsic curvature (fig.1), whereas, by generating antipodal complex conjugates (fig.2), entanglement satisfies the principle of static time. An interaction between the wave-function and the field curvature ensures their parallel evolution (fig.1). 



Figure 2. Volume changes in entangled particles b, Particle before entanglement a) Spin-down, c) Spin-up particle. 


Would you like to learn more? My latest YouTube video introduces our cosmic neighborhood 



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Wednesday, February 13, 2019

A novel and economical plan to clean the oceans of plastic trash



Paddle-steamer
A paddle steamer


Plastic waste has become dire pollution that accumulates in every environment of the Earth and adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat, and humans. The Great Pacific garbage patch is a gyre of marine debris particles in the north-central Pacific Ocean. The area contains plastic, chemical sludge, and other debris that have been trapped by the currents of the North Pacific Gyre. It consists primarily of an increase in suspended, often microscopic particles in the upper water column. The patch covers 1.6 million square kilometers and comprises 1.8 trillion pieces, about 92% of the mass comes from objects larger than 0.5 centimeters. A similar patch of floating plastic debris in the Atlantic Ocean is called the North Atlantic garbage patch.

Research indicates that the patch is rapidly accumulating. Can the garbage be gathered safely and cost-effectively? In the post below, I outline a two-step process that will clean up the trash.

Step 1. A paddle steamer is a steamship or riverboat that drives the paddle wheels to propel the craft through the water. In our case, a modern, high-efficiency engine moves the boat slowly through the water, while its paddle wheels turn in reverse to catch the plastique pieces. The paddle is shaped in such a way that it filters out plastique with a specific size and shape.



The paddle wheel picks up garbage as it turns and drops of collected pieces onto the boat's moving platform. Image attribution: Malcolm Boura

Step 2. The collected plastic can be safely baled by a baler on the ship and stored for transportation to a recycling facility. A baler compresses the material into bales that are easy to handle and store. Industrial balers that are used in recycling facilities prepare plastic for transport. 

Image result for plastic bales for transportation


The two-step process described above is an innovative approach to cleaning up the garbage patch on the world's oceans. The collection of plastic can be fully automated as a mobile factory in the middle of the sea. Servicing the operation would require regular transportation of the collected trash for recycling.

Please contact me at this link if you would like to help with moral support, financial assistance, or technical know-how in turning this idea into a real-world solution for the world! Please share the post with others. By acting together, we can solve the problems humanity faces. 


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