Monday, January 23, 2017

Emotions, the energy states of the brain

Figure explanation: The brain’s changing energy balance due to the stimulus over time (between 1, 2, and 3). The brain frequencies vary from high, on the left (#1), to low, toward the right (#3) and determine the direction of information flow in the brain (shown by a thin line). The potential difference between the cortex and the limbic brain is indicated by a thick line. The brain is energy neutral before stimulus (#1) and after a response (#3), but stimulus induces a potential difference between the cortex and the limbic brain (indicated by 2). Cortical activation extinguishes the energy of the stimulus (#2), but it generates a potential difference, which initiates a flow reversal that recovers the energy-neutral state (#3).

The substantial predictive power of Newton's Principia made it the accepted description of gravity for over three centuries. However, Einstein's general relativity uncovered a deeper understanding of gravity; the geometry of the spatial field that can be measured only indirectly, by its effects. 

Consciousness evolved in interaction with the material world, which engendered a brain organization and operation that mirrors the physical world. The time dependence of life processes engenders a temporal field, which is regulated by emotions. The temporal field, which underlies mental-social communication, has specific energy-information value at every moment that serves the basis of mental regulation. Thus, the mind is a self-regulating system, operating according to its energy states and imbalances (commonly known as emotions), which guides attention, memory, and behavior. 

Because the temporal field is analog to the field of gravity, it regulates the mental state via its entropy. Changes in this field lead to powerful emotional reactions, such as shame, pride, joy, and others. This way, emotions underlie all cognitive processes, including perception, memory, thoughts, and behavior. We do not have to be conscious of our feelings to be regulated and influenced by them. The temporal field, which forms analog to gravity, modifies time perception. Literature, which found enhanced time perception proves the existence of the role of the temporal field in the brain's operation

Sensory perception is automatic, involuntary process. We cannot ‘decide’ not to process sensory stimulus or read the road signs, because stimulus impinges on the mind by shifting the brain’s energy balance. Moreover, sensory perception is an energy-requiring, and an active process, in which the brain ‘pays’ for sensory stimuli through the energy requirement of high brain frequencies. Thus, sensory processing is an energy-information exchange with the environment. The limbic system channels incoming stimuli (information), as fast oscillations, to the sensory cortex, where electric currents accentuate or subdue each other through field effects.

The brain’s highly fluid neural organization allows active balancing of electromagnetic gradients based on charge conservation. From the sensory cortical surface, the oscillations propagate toward the frontal associative regions. The energy requirement of neuronal activation extinguishes the information flow and forms an electric potential between the limbic and cortical areas, which reverses the flow via slow oscillations (Figure above, #2). The information flow reversal from the frontal toward the occipital direction, and back toward the limbic region recovers the neutral energy state. The sensory transmission toward the sensory cortex by fast oscillations and response by slow oscillations was confirmed by Buzsaki (2013), indicating the polarity effects of the brain's electromagnetic flows.

My sincere hope is that within five years computer simulations based on EEG, fMRI, and other techniques will be able to pinpoint the tendency for unhealthy emotional states (i.e., the brain's energy balance) in patients and predict proneness for depression, PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), anxiety and other conditions. (Even just one year later, there are some results on this front.) You can find more detailed information in my book, The science of consciousness, or manuscript, Consciousness, a Cosmic Phenomenon.

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