Monday, June 30, 2014

Emotional interactions are governed by the Pauli Exclusion Principle




Seventeenth century representation of consciousness

The Pauli exclusion principle states that matter particles cannot occupy the same quantum state. This very important principle therefore regulates the distance between particles, such as two electrons. Over large scales, it leads to material structures' resistance to compression. Because of the complexity of consciousness, in ecosystems and society the Pauli exclusion principle regulates behavior over time.  As electrons cannot occupy the same quantum state, complex animals do not tolerate emotional (conceptual) closeness. By adjusting emotional distance, this important principle gives structure of society or ecosystem. It forms an automatic urge in the mind of emotional animals and people that generates the differences in attitude and behavior. We notice the negative in each other and we criticize too often. It causes us avoiding eye contact in the elevator, and in mammals and birds it leads to territorial needs. Although it has no effect in the classical situations of everyday life; in big cities millions of people get along without major disturbance, in emotionally close situations the opposing attitude becomes dominant. Even very young children attempt to separate from people closest to them, by profusely using the word, 'no.' Over time, loving partners and families actually tend to become more distant, and distant people, if spending time together, become closer emotionally. When we sense an increasing emotional distance, we intuitively move closer in an attempt to maintain the emotional distance.


People with great emotional stability or low emotional temperature tend to be satisfied and happy. Their mental calm makes them flexible and accepting toward others. The Pauli exclusion principle is muted, as love gives the trust to be open to the other point of view. Without the feeling of love we are critical; new information feels contradictory in one way or another. Aggravation magnifies the Pauli exclusion principle and the critical tendency, but this only applies to emotionally close situations, or temporal closeness. Since the Pauli exclusion principle extinguishes over great conceptual distance, a presumed distance permits emotional closeness; it is easy to be friendly to strangers and tell secrets on the internet. This attracts fans to celebrities, politicians, and saints. In oppressive class systems of the past a rigid code of behavior, which regulated interaction among people, created great emotional distance and buried emotions under the surface. Historically, hierarchical societies maintained stability by the immense emotional distance of the class system. However over time, the emotional distance decreases and allows social cohesion and trust. With decreasing social distance, equality increases.

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Monday, June 23, 2014

Consciousness and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle


By Thierry Dugnolle


Primitive animals form linear, fairly predictable behavior, because they lack emotions and as a consequence, consciousness. The evolution of the cortex is an enormous evolutionary step, which endows the organism with emotions and consciousness. The importance of emotions in consciousness and intellect has only been scientifically appreciated in the past thirty years. In the connections of the cortical neurons experience can accumulate and inform future behavior. So depending on experience, stimuli can produce opposite behavior, which is the source of uncertainty. Cortical brains (nidopallium in birds) display quantum characteristics and obey the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.

The Heisenberg uncertainty principle prevents the position and momentum of the particle from being known simultaneously. Position and speed are complementary variables, the more precisely one is known, the less certain the other becomes. The cortical mind forms such complementary variables in its relationship with the environment. In the mind, the opposing poles of uncertainty are the temporal position (the moment in time) and the energy of interaction (the intensity of emotion). While positive emotions uncover the temporal position of emotion, negative emotions uncover its extent. The extent of anger or negativity (how far one is willing to go) can range from sadness to anger, aggravation and even physical violence. Because aggravation dislodges an accumulated, pent up anger, the the origin of anger is always buried in old events. In contrast positive emotions are the treasure of the moment, which cannot be accumulated or postponed for tomorrow. Hence, positive feelings produce immediate happiness, which makes them a perishable commodity. The extent of joy is a pointless question however, because only full happiness is possible. So in contrast to the immense variety of negative emotions, positive emotions invariably take the form of happiness.

The source of mental uncertainty originates in the structure of the cortex. Thanks to the memory potential of cortical structures, past experience can heavily influence current response. The response’s nonlinear nature becomes especially prominent with enhanced stimuli. Greater incentives produce distorted, polarized and even extreme response: both danger or bribe tests one's mettle. A heated gas fills a spatial container, but the thermodynamic energy of the mind is confined within temporal coordinates. The measure of emotional temperature or emotional pressure is the extent, the degree of negativity. Negativity always originates in the self! The amount of sadness, criticism, sarcasm, anger, or physical brutality is the tool the mind uses to test its boundaries, the extent of its power within its environment. The applied criticism and anger in turn provoke a response that maintains the thermodynamic energy (the temporal pressure, i.e., stress level) of the mind. Although it is shocking that people would start activities that have no other use than produce even more stress, but the mind conspires to keep its own stress level constant. Do you want to know more? Read this and related topics in my book, 'The science of consciousness'.


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Friday, June 20, 2014

The great transformation in the twentieth century brings more questions than answers



























The twentieth century saw a complete transformation in the understanding of the most basic structure of matter. Man could open the curtain on the world of the very small. Cells could be seen in enough detail to see how the organelles work; Watson and Kirk discovered the DNA, showing cell duplication in principle, a simple process. The atom was divided into smaller and smaller building blocks, finding the electrons, the nucleons inside the nucleus. Going even deeper, it was shown that the proton and neutron are themselves composites; the constituent quarks are permanently bound together by the nuclear strong force. The twentieth century also was a complete, fundamental transformation of the way we live; from the structure of the family, to the way we work. Breathtaking scientific advances brought us never before imagined advances in healthcare, increasing life expectancy practically all over the globe, improved infrastructure, new services, such as frozen foods, public transportation, and automatization in the home. From refrigerators, to cars the twentieth century has changed us, our expectation and habits more, than any century ever before. Our understanding however stayed behind the dizzying speed of the technical and scientific change. We are still thinking with a Newtonian mind, we have no idea how our refrigerators or television sets work, let alone our computers. The flexibility of the human mind makes it possible to improve our grasp of science and technology. Understanding enhances confidence, forming a mindset that dares to initiate changes with purpose, rather than following old fashioned boundaries dictated by traditions, circumstances and expectations. Knowing and understanding is power, which leads to mental flexibility, a quality essential to handle change. Such confidence and trust makes positive technical, societal changes expected and necessary.

Structure of DNA


The mathematical principles of physics were largely laid down by Newton in 1687 by the publication of Principia Mathematica. These laws of gravitation and motion are still in use today, their universality, and ease of understanding made them an accepted and dominant method of science and engineering prior to Einstein’s special relativity. Yet today we live in a world of understanding that he formed; an apple falls in Newtonian orbit, with Newtonian speed. No matter how successful Newton’s laws have been, they contained some contradictions, and it could not answer some problems of physics. He defined space and time as absolutes, with the unmovable center of the world being the sun. Albert Einstein, the simple patent clerk did away with these absolutes. He stated that movement is relative and that the speed of light is constant for everybody, independent of movement in space. Yet as he showed the innovative ideas about the relationship between time and gravity, he presented theories that were congruent with the classical world of Newton.

Einstein, Maxwell and others formulated quantum mechanics, the science of elementary particles. The wave of change initiated by these ideas is still being played out in the halls of science. In the world of the very small causation is replaced by uncertainty. Uncertainty and entanglement is unintuitive, which theoretical physics a mind-bending science. Just like a future teller, a physicists conjures a world that is bizarre and does not fit every day imagination. There is dark matter mixed in with ordinary substance and dark energy somehow creates more of what we have, expanding the universe. A particle’s information can be instantaneously influenced from great distances, defying the speed of light! These and other bizarre experiments show a wild, untamed quantum world that defies easy understanding, and challenges our notion of reality. Physical sciences must be put onto a new foundation. Even basic assumptions, like space, time gravity must be considered anew. A new theory that formulates a new physical world view by incorporating the inner frontier, consciousness, is the subject of the book 'The Science of Consciousness.' Find it on Amazon.


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Friday, June 13, 2014

Emotions form the basis of consciousness and even if unnoticed, direct our lives from the background


Prayer by Eva Deli

More and more scientific data point to the unconscious origin of not only arbitrary decisions, but even conscious goals. Research suggests that goals themselves arise motivated and primed by social situations outside of awareness. These goals operate in our lives, even before we are conscious of them. Our conscious decisions are just a final rubber stamp on the plans of our social subconscious. The representation of the body in the mind is abstract and based on the region's sensory importance. The brain, an anatomical, physiological entity, regulates animal behavior through emotions. The mind forms the self, which is a mental, emotional representation of the body in relating to the environment. The muscle system closely mirrors the state of consciousness, as it tenses up in fear, and relaxes in joy and loving situations. Feelings start hormonal cycles, and hormones regulate our feelings. Even taking a breath of air is emotional. If you do not believe me, try to postpone it by holding your breath. First of all, you cannot do it! But if you could do it, you would feel fear, angst, the urge to breathe and fill your lung, after which you would feel elation, relief.


Emotions form in the mind with the participation of the entire body. As emotions affect the body, the muscles the hormonal system; in turn the body, its muscular and hormonal system influences our emotions. Emotions form a sophisticated energy system. It is not our consciousness that produces our emotions, but the other way around. So emotions are primary. Consciousness is the clearinghouse of the emotional states that warrant attention, as it supervises the emotional forest, trying to make sense of its diversity. We have to contend with the fact, that some feelings are hidden from our consciousness, often we cannot figure out what we feel or why we feel them. Emotion is an evolutionary survival tool, so we are emotionally prohibited from taking our lives; suicide has to be planned carefully.

On a conscious level the display of emotions can turn into a tool of manipulation that can save energies over physical movement. As a consequence, mammals and birds display complex, interpersonal relationships and behavior.  For example, a lion can save his energy, because his roar effectively scares away annoying monkeys from his den. But even emotions require enormous energy to maintain. When we are angry, when we argue, we can get just as tired, or even more so, than doing physical work. It can be shown that it is possible to increase the efficiency of the mind even further; it is possible to achieve conscious aims without the energies wasted on (negative) emotion. The book that details the operational principle of the mind already exists. Its title, The science of consciousness and it is available on Amazon. You can also sign up for my mailing list.

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Thursday, June 12, 2014

Finding the sources of creative potential permit us to nurture it in ourselves




By CERN for the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations 

The breathtaking progress of humanity into the internet age has occurred within a blink of an eye by evolutionary standards. The mental journey was fueled by creativity, and made possible by trust provided by the three great cultural institutions, religion, the arts and sciences. Religion is an incredible fuel of belief and hope. In ancient times religion was the only spiritual food available (and often obligatory) for everyone. However, an innate human drive toward beauty and the search for meaning led to a quick maturing of all kinds of art forms. Arts nurture a feeling of awe and love, elevating their audience above and beyond the questions of basic existence. Science is the youngest discipline of the three, but its influence has grown immensely. In fact today sciences often fill a role reserved for religion, thus we can choose to 'believe' in evolution or the Higgs boson.

Practicing the arts or sciences requires creativity. Although anybody can be creative, this gift is rare among the most affluent and the destitute. (The most affluent has no need for it, and the destitute cannot rise above the basic struggles for food and everyday needs.) For this reason, in the hierarchical societies of the past creativity was a rare, celebrated gift of the fortunate few. In contrast, in our modern world creativity is becoming an expected asset in almost any position. This is why it is important to learn about it and nurture it in ourselves.

Csikszentmihalyi introduced the expression, 'flow' to describe the creative mental state. Creative work is in stark contrast to the tiring analytic and focused effort. The careless abandon of creative endeavor perhaps was best expressed by Picasso: “When I work, I rest, when I rest, I get tired.” The explanation of the difference can be found in the contrasting mental involvement. In analytical thinking brain frequencies increase with concentration. The energy need of higher frequencies makes analytic thinking such a tiring effort. But brain oscillations actually decrease during creative endeavor. The unnecessary details are eliminated; the mental focus gets wider, allowing natural, creative solutions to arise, in an almost childish joy of creative flow, described so well by Picasso. Creativity results in positive emotions, and inversely, only a positive mindset can be creative. Positive attitude deflects negativity, conflict and leads to creativity, success and even longevity. Creativity cannot be planned for. It occurs unexpectedly, often when people are engaged in some totally unrelated activity. According to the old saying, "necessity is the mother of invention," creativity is often the culmination of emotional discomfort, or even stress. Necessity can arise into a goal directed effort, and which is a potent learning mechanism even in animals. Thus in experiments with rats the process of memorization sped up due to goal directed activity (Dupret) and artificial intelligence (Wissner gross). Focused and goal directed effort mitigates stress (even pain sensitivity is reduced during goal directed activities) and facilitates progress.


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Friday, June 6, 2014

Lost time may be found in the accelerating expansion of the universe




The 2013 paper, 'Time from quantum entanglement: an experimental illustration'  might answer the most fascinating question ever: 'what is time?' The idea has great importance not only for philosophical reasons, but for science and even for every day understanding. The study proves that the global picture of the cosmos remains unchanging, time is a accumulating consequence of material existence. The implication of the hypothesis, originally proposed in 1982, is that our environment and the whole visible universe has the properties of a clock. When we look galaxies that lay at increasing distance from us, we find that we are observing a younger and younger version of our world. the further out we look, the closer things get to the creation of the universe. In order for the universe to remain static for outside observers, we have to find the entangled, opposing pole of this clock-like the material world.

Einstein's general relativity leads to a universe with two poles, formed by the black and the white holes. We know that the black holes form point-like singularity, where time grows so old, it stops. White holes should form their polar opposites: zero time. While black holes swallow space, and trap even light, the white holes expand space, and nothing, not even light can approach them. In black holes space is point-like, whereas in white holes space should grow to infinite. Because black hole horizon is the information depository of all that have passed, no information is lost in the universe. Our bad hair day, grandma's first kiss is still somehow part of the cosmic symphony as the aging of the material world and the accelerating expansion of the universe mutually determine each other; the whole cosmos maintains a static state. This means time machines are impossible. Would you like to know more? More details can be found in my book, 'The science of consciousness.'

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Thursday, June 5, 2014

An operational universe without dark matter or dark energy?

Einstein introduced the cosmological constant in response to Hubble's discovery of the expansion of the universe. Today we know that expansion of the universe has been accelerating for the past seven billion years. Einstein's genius was to imagine fields, specifically curvature as the foundation of space. The recent discovery of gravitational waves supports his genius on the flexible nature of space. According to John Wheeler's famous quote, "spacetime tells matter how to move; matter tells spacetime how to curve." Objects modulate the curvature of space, which in turn determines the trajectory of the objects. Gravity field is often portrayed as a trampoline net, which curves depending on the mass of things sitting on it. This interconnected relationship forms the incredibly rich spatial structure of the universe.



String theory imagines particles as energy vibrations, conveniently tucked away within microdimensions, so called he Calabi-Yau space. The Calabi-Yau space is parallel, but interdependent field to space that is insulated from gravity or time. For this reason, particle vibrations exist without spatial or temporal limitations, giving rise to quantum phenomena, such as interference, non-locality and entanglement. The two separate fields can be imagined like a knotted rug, where knots represent the Calabi-Yau space. These separate energy fields form the foundation of the universe, but we are only able to see, smell, touch, hear or measure an extremely tiny part of it, because our measuring equipment and our sensory organs are only sensitive to interaction. Interacting energy by convention is called matter. But interaction changes both the particle and the field curvature. For this reason, over space and time particles change. Their increasing differences culminate in the poles, the black and white holes. Black holes contract space, which is a source of excess gravity, called dark matter. Negative curvature regions of the universe form white holes and lead to spatial expansion, which is called dark energy. White holes opposing behavior to that of black holes would deflect even the path of light and form a distinct, well-recognizable cellular structure on the largest scales of the universe. White holes non interacting nature makes their discovery a technical impossibility with our current technology. Black holes were also hypothetical for sixty years before indirect observation made their discovery possible. The indirect observation of white holes might be possible in the near future. More details can be found about the structure of space on my YouTube channel and in the book, 'The science of consciousness.'


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Sunday, June 1, 2014

Interaction, material existence and the fate of Schrodinger's cat

Schrodinger's cat by Dhatfield

What is essential is invisible to the eye said Antoine de Saint-Exupery in ‘The little prince.’ Our sensory experience is dependent on interactions to occur on every level. The photons activate electrons, leading to chemical reactions, cell processes, sensory processing, understanding, and memory. The importance of interaction cannot be overemphasized. When interaction ceases, matter and life ceases with it. Only interaction allows us to see hear, touch or measure. The fact of measuring (or sensing) is itself interaction. So we rely on interaction for the ability not only to perceive physical reality, but to draw conclusions from it through measuring. Since interaction changes reality, at any one time we can only gain limited understanding of the world.

The uncertainty principle makes existence so precarious that poetically even the existence of the moon has been considered dependent on sensory perception. Schrodinger famously posed a thought experiment that brought uncertainty to the fore. He put an imaginary cat in a box with a radioactive poison that can kill the cat according to the uncertainty Principle. At the moment of opening of the box the cat materializes alive or dead. The question of course is nothing more than a clever mental exercise, just like Zeno's runner, who is trying reach the finish line in vain. Zeno’s runner always runs just half of the rest of the distance, and no matter how close he gets, he never makes it to the finish line. What is the trick with Schrodinger's proposition?




The existence of cats and people depends on interaction, which is an unending, constant phenomenon. But there is more to existence than just interaction! Einstein’s gravitational field directs the movement of objects small and large. Elementary particles might take the form of strings, and be part of a microdimensional space, compact extra dimensions that are too small to measure. So while the gravitational field should be imagined on the largest expanse of space, the microdimensions represent the smallest scale. However these two separate fields are intimately connected through interaction. We can imagine the gravitational field servicing the interactions as the go-between particles. But the micro-dimension is insulated from gravity, so the quantum waves of particles can exist without spatial limitations and give rise to quantum phenomena, such as the Bell non locality and interference. Quantum waves can produce interference over enormous distances, but putting a detector in their path will break interference by collapsing the wave function. 

Interaction is unending and constant part of the gravitational regions of spaceTherefore the fate of Schrodinger's cat is dependent on interaction with the poisonous material, and totally independent of human observation. 


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