Thursday, June 5, 2014

Operational universe without dark matter or dark energy

Einstein introduced the cosmological constant in response to Hubble's discovery of the expansion of the universe. Today we know that expansion of the universe has been accelerating for the past seven billion years. Einstein's genius was to imagine fields, specifically curvature as the foundation of space. The recent discovery of gravitational waves supports his genius on the flexible nature of space. According to John Wheeler's famous quote, "spacetime tells matter how to move; matter tells spacetime how to curve." Objects modulate the curvature of space, which in turn determines the trajectory of the objects. Gravity field is often portrayed as a trampoline net, which curves depending on the mass of things sitting on it. However, the nature of gravity is a little more complex. An interconnected relationship forms the incredibly rich spatial structure of the universe.

String theory imagines particles as energy vibrations, conveniently tucked away within microdimensions, so called he Calabi-Yau space. The Calabi-Yau space is parallel, but interdependent field to space that is insulated from gravity or time. For this reason, particle vibrations exist without spatial or temporal limitations, giving rise to quantum phenomena, such as interference, non-locality and entanglement. The two separate fields can be imagined like a knotted rug, with knots representing the Calabi-Yau space. These separate energy fields only connect via interaction. Nevertheless, they form the foundation of the universe. Interacting energy by convention is called matter. But interaction changes both the particle and the field curvature. For this reason, over space and time particles change. Their increasing differences culminate in the poles, the black and white holes. Black holes contract space, which is a source of excess gravity, called dark matter. Negative curvature regions of the universe form white holes and lead to spatial expansion, which is called dark energy. White holes show characteristics that is opposite to that of black holes, therefore they would deflect even the path of light. On the largest scales, the polar regions give rise to distinct, well-recognizable cellular structure of the universe. White holes non-interacting nature makes their discovery a technical impossibility with our current technology. In 2006 a remarkable gamma-ray burst (GRB), a possible white hole event was detected by the Swift satellite. Learn more about white holes and about the structure of space on my YouTube channel and in the book, 'The science of consciousness.'

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