Monday, August 3, 2015

Complexity: an essential requirement for intelligent life

Time evolution of the universe

According to general relativity, clocks and time can only be properly defined in the presence of matter. In other words, interaction is an essential ingredient of time. Without interaction, time stands still. This is made more precise as „static” time and leads to the surprising consequence that for outside observers the universe remains static and unchanging. Only inside participants, through the phenomenon of entanglement, are able to perceive the evolution of the universe. The recently proven idea shows that interaction (decoherence) through entanglement would necessarily evolve toward polar singularities. The existence of poles, called white and black holes, also appears as the consequence of certain solutions of Einstein’s field equations. Observing the gravitational effects of black holes aided their discovery, but white holes remain hypothetical due to the immense difficulty to observe them. However, the nature of white holes has been speculated as negative-curving, bulging fields, which deflect incoming energy, even light. Thus they are the source of illusionary light rays; a fact reflected in their name and which would pose a great challenge to their discovery. Nevertheless the existence of white holes is postulated here.

Thanks to string theory it is becoming widely accepted that the universe has more dimensions than the three dimensions of our experience. In string theory the importance of the horizon is recognized by the holographic principle, which states that the information of a volume of space is contained on the boundary (Susskind, 1994). The holographic principle would mean that information accumulation of the horizon by the incessant standing-wave tick-tocks of the universe eventually turns those particles into black holes. Since black hole horizons are information-saturated, about half information content, which determines Euclidean spatial field, should determine the greatest complexity. It is not surprising therefore that our world and life in general fit this description. Evolution is an ever-increasing complexity that works through the self-organization of matter into stars, planets, and living creatures such as us. The apex of evolution is the appearance of the still-evolving, highly intelligent mind, which cannot be a uniquely human quality—some other planets in some other galaxies necessarily should nurture life.

The universe’s drive toward complexity is a greatly humbling realization, because the most complex matter known to man is the human brain. The idea that evolution, including societal evolution, is channeled toward complexity and order suggests a shining future for the intelligent occupants of the cosmos, including mankind.

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