Monday, March 14, 2016

Primordial oscillations, an alternative mechanism to the Big Bang

Microwave anisotropy map of the universe

Big Bang is the scientifically accepted theory for the initial formation of the universe. The model accounts for the gargantuan size of the universe and its apparently perfectly even distribution. To solve the presumably extremely high initial density with the resulting uniform structure all over space, an immense and sudden increase in size, explosion, has been put forward. To accommodate observations that showed an extremely smooth distribution of the large-scale structure in the cosmos, a faster bang, called inflation was suggested. However, the driving force of inflation is missing, and the mechanism conflicts on many points with the microwave background radiation. Below I introduce an alternative mechanism that can generate a uniform matter distribution throughout the visible cosmos, and it is also coherent with the microwave background radiation.

The book, ‘The science of consciousness’ shows that the primordial energy of the universe is formed by strings one-dimensional energy vibrations. Therefore string theory replaces Big Bang as the originator of the cosmos. Because primordial string vibrations preceded stable spatial structure, temperature or pressure, they could occur with abundance and fluidity. The kinetic energy of string fluctuations would accumulate as the self-energy of a microdimensional space, insulated by a smooth, symmetric and information blocking horizon, which calibrated the constant energy level of space. The formation of the microdimensional space would give rise to the first interactions, time zero of the universe. Interaction, which is an energy requiring volume exchange between the macro and micro dimensions, stabilized the spatial structure. This is the birth of interacting fermions and the beginning of time.

time evolution of the large-scale structure
The time progression from left to right shows the gradual formation of foam (credit: NSF)

The latest cosmological data show a filament structure on the largest scales of the universe, which is congruent with string oscillations. The above mechanism also fits well with measurements of the cosmic background radiation, which shows that the curvature of space is nearly flat and the fluctuations show almost Gaussian (even) distribution. On the above image, the series of pictures above indicate how the evolution of gravity-bound structures occurs parallel with the expansion of space. Without the existence of a stable spatial field, lissome string fluctuations could not have given rise to gravitational waves, and consequently, Big Bang gravitational waves cannot be detected with even our current, fairly sophisticated technology. (The recently detected gravitational waves are the result of black hole collision.) The decreasing amplitude oscillations could very well calibrate the constant energy level of space and, at the moment of creation, spike the temperature, allowing recombination and nucleosynthesis. The high temperature would drive spatial expansion. Secondary interactions would give rise to a foamy structure. This simple mechanism can eliminate many problems that plague the theory of Big Bang and inflation.

Want to learn more? More information can be found in my book, The science of consciousness

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