Monday, December 26, 2016

Is consciousness a cosmic phenomenon?



Titled, Consciousness, a Cosmic Phenomenon,* my article in the Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research (JCER) examines the place of intellect and consciousness in the physical world and the universe. According to the hypothesis, mental processes might be analogous to the physical world, and that just like photons, emotions carry energy. Photons are the fundamental interactions of matter particles, and in the brain, sensory stimulus triggers the energy of emotions, the forces of mental interaction. Therefore, emotions motivate thoughts and  actions that recover the energy-neutral state of the brain. Material interaction lead to a temporal evolution, which increases complexity and formulates the poles of the universe. Cosmological evolution also gives rise to the intelligent mind, which together with the material particles, forms the elementary constituents of the universe. The entropy of both elementary particle constituents of the universe continuously changes between the poles. The mind maintains a low-entropy state due to constant interaction with the outside world via the sensory organs. The death of the body permits the entropy of the mind to increase. Depending on the mind’s energy state, the mental entropy will either accumulate information or energy, while remaining congruent with the temporal field in its journey toward one of the poles. The energy-rich mind converges towards expanding white holes, whereas an information-saturated mind becomes part of the black hole horizon. In the expanding white hole, space is infinite, yet everything feels neighborly and the infinite feels like a moment. In black holes the moment feels like eternity, yet it imposes a two-dimensional tightness, where everything is far and beyond reach. Beside material and mental elementary particles the universe also displays elementary particle characteristics. The three interconnected, interdependent building blocks formulate the organizational unity and fractal structure of the universe. Intelligent life is a microcosm of the universe, and the mind is an active participant in cosmic evolution. Read the whole article...

*Deli, E., Consciousness, a cosmic phenomenon—A hypothesis. (2016) Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research 7(11): 910-930.


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Monday, December 12, 2016

From Aristotle to Mach's principle

Image result for aristotle
Aristotle, marble portrait bust, Roman copy (2nd century BC) of a Greek original 


Our 21st century world boasts a highly interconnected society, unprecedented technological development and increasing democratization all over the world, yet scientific literacy is lagging behind. Even science seem to be struggling with some basic questions, such as time, gravity or space. In many ways we still think in terms absolute time and space, inherited from Newtonian physics, However, the need for special reference frame contradicts some basic, contemporary requirements of science, such as Mach's principle, which disfavors the existence of a special orientation, i.e., reference frame. Although in a different context, the scientific and philosophical principle was debated since antiquity. For example, Aristotle viewed space only epitomizing the place of objects. Newton however, built his theory on absolute space.

Aristotle's idea idea was reformulated in Mach's principle, which strongly motivated Einstein. According to Mach's principle all locations and all motions are relative; the results of measurements should not depend on the choice of coordinates assigned to events. Inertial mass is determined by the mass distribution of the universe and inertia is caused by the gravitational action of distant matter. Mach's revolutionary insight is the realization of the impossibility to measure changes with time. "Time is the abstraction at which we arrive by the changes of things." Nevertheless, in contrast to its name, 'relativity' it still contains absolute elements and does not resolve the problem of the origin of inertia and fails to follow Mach's principle.

Let's examine the global picture of the universe in relation to Mach's principle. Current data shows that black hole horizons are information blocking, two dimensional firewalls that cannot be approached. As a consequence, the immense field strength of black holes form the outer boundary of the universe, in which Mach's principle is automatically followed due to dimensionality differences of space. The field strength would increase exponentially close to the black holes, leading to greater inertia. In contrast, smaller field strength in cosmic voids would generate small inertia.

In the Aristotelian view vacuum does not exist. In Newtonian physics vacuum is just a void, in quantum mechanics vacuum energy gives rise to virtual particles, in a process of constant creation and annihilation, and dictated by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. The universe might agree with Aristotle with a twist however. If vacuum would increase the dimensions of the universe, then vacuum would lead to expansion of space and lead to the experience of dark energy. This vacuum would generate a pressure at opposite regions i. e., the black holes of the universe. The pressure extends into gravitational regions as excess gravity, called dark matter. This simple, organically unified picture of the cosmos leads to an intuitive understanding of space and time as fundamental, interconnected fields. More information can be found in my book, 'The Science of Consciousness.' Such organic unity of the cosmos certainly would fit well with Aristotle.

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